Amber is fossilized gum of trees that lived millions of years ago. Amber is found in colors from golden yellow to red and sometimes contains insects trapped inside of it during the flow of the gum out of the related tree.
Amber is often transparent with ones sometimes found being translucent or even totally opaque.
Air bubbles trapped inside of the amber give it a unique and beautiful texture.
Amber is not a crystal or a stone but is used in jewelry because of its beautiful and attractive colors and textures.
An interesting phenomenon about amber is the creation of static electricity upon rubbing on silk or woolen clothes that subsequently enables amber to absorb tiny pieces of paper.
Amber is a very fragile and brittle substance with very low grade of hardness and some organic solvents can affect it, so it should be treated and handled with extreme care.